Basic Information about Spanish NIE’s
The NIE is a tax number that identifies foreigners in Spain. It’s used to register them with the federal, regional and city governments. In English it means ‘Foreigner’s Identification Number’ and in Spanish ‘Numero de Identificación de Extranjero’ (NIE). It’s needed to hire utilities, internet service, accept employment, attend school, pay taxes, buy property, etc.
Two Types. One NIE is for citizens of the European Union (EU), and some other European countries, who intend to live in Spain. The other type is for everyone else.
A. EU Citizen or Resident NIE. It’s on a document called a ‘Registration Certificate’ (Certificado de registro como residente comunitario). It’s a small paper card with the person’s name and NIE written on it. Only citizens of the EU, Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland or Switzerland, who plan to reside in Spain for more than three months, can apply.
Remember, EU Citizens already have the right to live and work in Spain, however, they need this certificate to obtain the NIE.
B. Non-Resident NIE. This is a piece of paper with the person’s name and NIE written on it. It’s for two sets of people:
1) Citizens of the EU, Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland or Switzerland, who do NOT plan on living in Spain for more than three months during any 365-day period.
2) Everybody else such as all non EU-citizens including Americans like me. This NIE only allows you to do certain acts in Spain; it does NOT allow you to live or work here. If a non-EU citizen wants to live legally in Spain, they must go through the immigration process and obtain a Residence Permit (Visa). We work with a Spanish immigration attorney, contact us for questions.
How Do I Get a NIE
A. EU Citizen (Resident) NIE. You apply for an EU registration certificate at a police station (comisaria) in the Spanish town where you live. You’ll need the following documents. It’s a long list because you will be living in Spain. You can also apply at the Spanish Embassy or Consulate in your resident country.
1) Copy of the Appointment. You request an appointment online and, if made, you’ll receive a confirmation. You’ll need to show this at the police station.
2) The NIE Application and a copy on form EX-18
3) Your Passport and a copy
4) Your Empadronamiento Certificate. This is issued by a City Government Office in the neighborhood where you live.
5) Health Insurance. You can proof this in one of two ways:
a) Show you have a job contract in Spain, or are registered as an autonomo (free-lance) worker in Spain. If so you are enrolled in Spain’s health program.
b) Submit a full-coverage policy from a private company, preferably one in Spain. We can recommend one.
6) Money. A bank account that shows the funds listed below as of July 2017. A Spanish bank account is preferred.
a) 5,136.60€ for the applicant
b) 8,732.22€ for the applicant plus one dependent
c) 12,327.84€ for the applicant plus two dependents
d) 15,923.46€ for the applicant and three dependents
6) Dependents. If you apply with a non-Spanish spouse or non-Spanish child(ren), you must show:
a) Your Marriage Certificate
b) Spouse’s Passport
c) Child’s Birth Certificate or Passport
B. Non-Resident NIE. You apply at the Spanish Foreigner’s Office (Oficina de Extranjeros) in your town or city. You can also apply at the Spanish Embassy or Consulate in your resident country. You submit the following documents. It’s a short list because you won’t be living in Spain.
1) The NIE Application and a copy on form EX-15
2) Your Passport and a copy
3) A notarized letter from a Spanish Notary Public explaining the reason why you’re requesting a NIE
I Need Help Getting a NIE
Like any bureaucratic matter, the procedure can be complicated and time-consuming. If you have any questions please feel free to contact Mark Carr at [email protected] or 664 665 365.